Parallels
1:25 am
Thu July 18, 2013

As Nelson Mandela Turns 95, South Africa Celebrates

Originally published on Thu July 18, 2013 8:39 am

While South Africa celebrates the 95th birthday of Nelson Mandela on Thursday, the former president and Nobel Peace Prize laureate remains at a Pretoria hospital, where he's been hospitalized since June 8 with a recurring lung infection.

President Jacob Zuma's office has said that Mandela is in "critical but stable" condition, though Mandela's daughter Zindzi said Wednesday that her father was making "remarkable progress" and could be released soon.

The Nelson Mandela Center of Memory asked South Africans and people around the world to spend 67 minutes Thursday volunteering in their communities in tribute to the ailing former president. The 67 minutes represents the 67 years Mandela gave in public service fighting against the apartheid system of segregation and later as a statesman.

Ever since he was hospitalized more than a month ago, small shrines to Mandela have popped up all across the country. His picture hangs in shop windows. The newspapers and TV stations give daily updates on Madiba, his clan name that many use when referring to him.

Brenda Motseari, a teacher in the township of Soweto, says Mandela remains a huge figure in South African life. "Nelson Mandela is a father, a mentor, a motivator, a director. He's everything to South Africans," she says.

Motseari had just come out of a Mass at the Regina Mundi Catholic Church in the Rockville section of Soweto. A stained glass window depicts Mandela in a jacket and tie with his hands raised as he addresses a crowd.

An Enduring Image

The scene resembles the one on Feb. 11, 1990, when Mandela was released from prison. Standing on the balcony of Cape Town City Hall, he greeted a crowd of hundreds of thousands of people.

Motseari says she remembers that day clearly. She'd just had a baby, and she was glued to the television. She says that day is still the most powerful image she remembers of Mandela.

"That's my memory [of him], the first day when he picked up the fist after coming out of prison," she says. "I was watching attentively and then he clenched the fist to say, 'Amandla' [power]."

In that speech, Mandela declared, "Today the majority of South Africans, black and white, recognize that apartheid has no future."

Before those remarks, most South Africans didn't even know what Mandela looked like. Pictures of him had been banned by the apartheid government.

Stepping out from prison, Mandela called for a negotiated end to apartheid and an end to white minority rule. That eventually happened and in 1994 Mandela was elected president in South Africa's first nonracial, democratic elections.

Drawing Inspiration

The pastor at the Regina Mundi church, Sebastian Rossouw, says Mandela's life continues to be an inspiration to South Africans.

"Growing up in apartheid years as a young boy one was not free," the priest says.

Rossouw and his family couldn't travel freely. His father wasn't allowed to set foot in certain parts of town. Blacks weren't allowed to vote. There were separate buses, schools and toilets for whites. Interracial marriages were forbidden. Blacks and coloreds ended up in the worst jobs. Educational options for Rossouw were restricted by law.

But the priest says Mandela made it clear that any obstacle, any injustice can be overcome.

"The legacy that Mandela brings is that despite what the past has dealt you, do not allow it to determine your future," Rossouw says. "For many of us, myself included, that's a message that we've taken to heart. Yes, we have a bad past but this will not affect the future we are looking towards."

Copyright 2013 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.

Transcript

DAVID GREENE, HOST:

And South Africans are celebrating an emotional birthday. Nelson Mandela is 95 years old today.

(SOUNDBITE OF WOMEN SINGING)

GREENE: That's the sound of women singing for Mandela, gathered this morning outside the hospital where he's been since last month. The hero of the anti-apartheid movement remains in critical condition, though the government released another statement today saying his health is steadily improving.

NPR's Jason Beaubien reports from Johannesburg that Mandela's fragile health has South Africans thinking about the long-term legacy of their first black president.

JASON BEAUBIEN, BYLINE: The Nelson Mandela Center of Memory is asking people in South Africa and around the world to spend 67 minutes today volunteering in their communities in tribute to the ailing former president. The 67 minutes represents the 67 years Mandela gave in public service, fighting against the apartheid system of segregation and later as a statesman.

Ever since he was hospitalized more than a month ago, small shrines to Mandela have popped up all across the country. His picture hangs in shop windows. The newspapers and TV stations give daily updates on Madiba, as he's affectionately known here.

BRENDA MOTSEARI: Nelson Mandela is the father, a mentor, a motivator, a director. He's everything to South Africans.

BEAUBIEN: Brenda Motseari is just coming out of a Mass at the Regina Mundi Catholic Church in the Rockville section of Soweto. She says Mandela is in everyone's prayers at the moment.

MOTSEARI: That praying for Mandela, we know through prayers miracles may not happen, but it keeps us going as the nation.

BEAUBIEN: Motseari says she'll never forget the day in February of 1990, when Nelson Mandela was released after spending 27 years in prison. He greeted a huge crowd in Cape Town by raising his clenched fist.

MOTSEARI: That's my memory, the first day when he picked up the fist after coming out from prison. That was the day because I was watching attentively and then he clenched the fist to say: Amandla.

BEAUBIEN: Throughout his decades in prison, amandla, or power had become the rallying cry of the anti-Apartheid movement.

(SOUNDBITE OF ARCHIVED SPEECH)

NELSON MANDELA: Today the majority of South Africans, black and white, recognize that apartheid has no future.

BEAUBIEN: Before that speech from the balcony of Cape Town City Hall, many South Africans didn't even know what Mandela looked like. Pictures of him had been banned by the apartheid government. Stepping out from prison, Mandela called for a negotiated end to apartheid and an end to white minority rule. That eventually happened and in 1994, Mandela was elected president in South Africa's first nonracial, democratic elections.

The pastor at the Regina Mundi church, Sebastian Rossouw, says Mandela's life continues to be an inspiration to South Africans.

PASTOR SEBASTIAN ROSSOUW: Growing up in apartheid years as a young boy, one was not free.

BEAUBIEN: Rossouw and his family couldn't travel freely. His father wasn't allowed to set foot in certain parts of town. Blacks weren't allowed to vote. There were separate buses, schools and toilets for whites. Interracial marriages were forbidden. Blacks and coloreds ended up in the worst jobs. Educational options for Rossouw were restricted by law.

But the priest says Mandela made it clear that any obstacle, any injustice can be overcome.

ROSSOUW: The legacy that Mandela brings is that despite what the past has dealt you, do not allow it to determine your future. And I think for many of us, including myself, that's a message that we've taken to heart, to say, yes, we have a bad past but this will not affect the future we are looking towards.

BEAUBIEN: Rossouw says the moment that he will always remember about Mandela was when South Africa was hosting the 1995 rugby World Cup.

ROSSOUW: Many people might not realize the significance of Madiba being there.

BEAUBIEN: But at the time, rugby was considered to be a white Afrikaner sport. Despite this, Mandela put on a green jersey of the Springboks, the national team, showed up at the stadium and cheered on the predominantly white South African squad.

ROSSOUW: That day stands out for me, one of the most special moments, not only for him but for the country because that was a moment where South Africans really came together irrespective of race, color, creed and tribe. There is a moment of true unity.

BEAUBIEN: Rossouw says he's confident that even after Mandela passes away, Mandela's vision of a nonracial South Africa that offers equal opportunities to all its citizens will endure. Jason Beaubien, NPR News, Johannesburg. Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.